Floor coating is an actual thermosetting resin that is applied as a coating. It is formed when you mix one part epoxide resin with one part polyamine hardener. The hardener acts as a catalyst and is what gives floor coating its strength.

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Unlike paint that has to dry, floor coating actually cures. When the two parts are mixed, a chemical reaction is started which creates an exothermic curing process. This curing process produces polymer structures that are closely cross-linked giving floor coating its superior strength and durability. The end result is a coating that is much thicker than paint and bonds tenaciously to a properly prepared surface.

So what makes an floor coating one of the best finishes for your garage floor? Besides looking nice, the hardened and thick application that you get from floor coating creates a coating that is very durable and resilient to impacts, chipping, chemicals, stains, and surface abrasion. You don’t have to panic about damaging the floor if you drop a wrench or a bicycle falls over.

The thicker coating also does a great job of coating over minor imperfections such as small spider cracks and flaws in the concrete. Because floor coating is a topical sealer, it is also anti-dusting. Much of the dust in a garage is created from the powder that a cement floor can shed. Normal traffic on bare concrete can kick up this dusty powder that has a tendency of collecting on cars, tool benches, and storage items, as well as being tracked into the house.

As a topical coating it is also naturally moisture resistant. This is a great benefit for people who live in snowy climates. It makes for easy cleaning of icy brines and road salts that can collect on the floor during the winter. Just a little mild soap and water is all it takes. Dust and debris can be collected with a dust mop or soft broom when the floor is dry.

Depending on whether you added colored acrylic flakesto the floor and the type of topcoat used, some surfaces can be slippery when wet. For people who live in drier climates this usually isn’t an issue. If you want some extra grip however, you can add slip resistant aggregate to the final coat that will create a non-skid surface.

Floor coatings receive high reviews from the home mechanics and hobbyists as well. Since it is both chemical and stain resistant, oil, brake fluids, anti-freeze, gasoline, and other caustic car chemicals can easily be wiped up without worry – even if it sits for a while. Rolling tool boxes, jacks, and jack stands will not damage the floor either. It also brightens up the garage environment because it is very light reflective depending on what type of finish you choose.

As tough as this type of garage floor coating is, it’s not resistant to everything however. Welding is hard on floor coating because it can create burn marks from the hot slag that falls on it. It’s also not a good choice for garage floors that have moisture issues. The rate of moisture vapor transmissionfrom underneath the slab can cause floor coating to delaminate if it is too high.
A common question that pops up about floor coating garage floors is hot tire pick up. This is caused when the hot tires from your car can soften lessor quality coatings. The tires then cool down and contract after driving which causes the tire tread to literally grab and pull at the surface of the still soft coating. This process will actually cause the floor coating to delaminate as the tire pulls it up off the floor.

Hot tire pick up is a problem that is associated more with the lesser quality products such as store bought floor coating paint kits. These are usually water based coatings that are 50% solids at best and only 3 mils thick, as compared to 100% solids floor coating that is 10 mils or more thick. These thicker coating are generally found in quality commercial grade product or professionally installed coatings.

Because the thicker, multiple coat floor coating floors wear so well, warranties of up to 15 years or more for installation by professional installers is becoming common. Many manufacturers of 100% solids floor coating warranty the product against defects for the life of the floor.

Properties and Characteristics of Epoxy Resins

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Whenever at least two objects need to hold fast to each other for an expanded time, the most ideal approach to achieve that is with epoxy resins. The application bundle accompanies two syringes containing parts that respond together to frame a solid, enduring bond. Because of the attributes epoxy resins has, organizations and people utilize epoxy resins for an expansive scope of utilizations.

Epoxy resins application packs have a long time span of usability. Rediscovered epoxy resins syringes have be found, following quite a while of being overlooked, that work and additionally epoxy resins purchased the day of utilization.

Properties of Epoxy resins

The essential purpose behind epoxy resins’s prominence is its brilliant mechanical quality. Welding is frequently the main option. Epoxy resins is almost constantly less expensive and quicker than welding.

Epoxy resins additionally has brilliant protection from chemicals. In the wake of setting, there is no stress of a synthetic response that will debilitate the seal. It likewise opposes warm. That protection makes it perfect for hardware and electrical frameworks and other mechanical applications.

The individuals who utilize epoxy resins know about the radiant mechanical quality and low curing constriction. They additionally know the epoxy resins tars are very much adjusted modern materials and suited to a wide scope of uses.

Architects are looked with worries about warmth dispersal, electrical protection, following different substrates, light weighting, sound hosing, vibration, and decrease consumption. Appearance must be considered, and additionally, gathering costs. Epoxy resins is a glue definition that meets those worries. Its warm and electrical properties, quality, and sturdiness are what epoxy resins is noted for. Those properties alongside the protection from inundation and antagonistic compound vapor are the reason epoxy resins regularly is picked by engineers.

Execution properties held by epoxy resins are:

  • Biocompatibility
  • Ecologically benevolent
  • Fire safe
  • Nourishment Safe

It has superb hole filling properties. Epoxy resins is impervious to cool, radiation, and steam. The predominant execution of epoxy resins remains when presented to unfavorable natural conditions.

Why Two-Part Epoxy resins Should Be Used

The upsides of two-section epoxy resins exceed the weaknesses. Two-section epoxy resins gums cure effortlessly at room temperature. They don’t require warmth of any kind. One-section epoxy resins requires warm. Two-section epoxy resins gives magnificent concoction protection.

The downsides of two-section epoxy resins are the aggravation to the hands in the event that they interact with the substances, and the estimating and mixing bother expected of two specialists. Since two-section epoxy resins dries so rapidly, it is critical to apply it accurately on the primary endeavor.

Why Choose Diploma Courses in Malaysia

Have you just finished SPM? Before you settle on a pre-U program like A-levels, STPM or establishment courses, you might need to give diploma programs a qualm. Here’s the reason:


  1. The entry requirements are less rigid

The general passage necessities for a diploma is a go with three credits in SPM (except for a nursing diploma which requires five credits). A few diplomas may have extra necessities – do check with the school you’re keen on.


  1. Diplomas cost less


Let’s be honest. Not every person has the way to fork out assets for a four year college education. To gain a four year college education, the pathway after SPM includes a pre-u capability (50 credit hours) trailed by 3-4 years of four year certification think about (120 credit hours).


In correlation, a diploma takes 2 to 2.5 years (min 90 credit hours) directly after SPM. Diplomas cost path not as much as what a degree program would – the course charges for a diploma program ranges from RM20,000 – 40,000, with many courses falling in the scope of RM25,000 – 35,000.


Also, such as concentrate for a degree, regardless you’d have the capacity to apply for a PTPTN credit. Discover how much credit you can get from PTPTN.


  1. Diplomas influence you to prepared for the employment advertise


Dissimilar to pre-university programs that attention more on thorough scholastic investigation, diploma programs are intended to outfit students with the vital abilities required to meet the employment prerequisites in a specific industry. The educational programs frequently incorporates bunches of hands-on work that enables you to hone these abilities. You’ll have the capacity to enter the workforce inside your objective industry directly after you graduate.


  1. You’ll cherish it in the event that you like useful work


As said in the past point, a diploma sets you up with the particular abilities that you require in an objective industry. Regardless of whether you choose visual communication, culinary expressions, car innovation or medicinal imaging, you would have finished a lot of handy preparing in the center range of your investigation when you graduate.


In the event that you like more active work and functional experience, you’ll appreciate the educational programs of a diploma course which is normally 60% scholarly and 40% commonsense.


  1. You finish your examinations sooner


On the off chance that you choose the pre-U course after SPM took after by a four year college education, you’d take around 5-6 years to graduate. Interestingly, a diploma course by and large takes 3 years, enabling you to enter the employment market and start winning sooner.


  1. You’re learning alternatives are adaptable


There’s presumably no other investigation course that offers the adaptability of a diploma. Here are some marvelous favorable circumstances:


To begin with, not at all like pre-U courses and degrees, diplomas don’t really take after an inflexible scholarly date-book. That implies that admissions are open a few times each year. In the event that you miss an admission, you won’t need to sit tight too ache for the following one.


Second, diploma programs are offered in various examination modes like separation adapting, low maintenance, and full-time. That implies that diplomas are not only for ordinary students. You can choose to work and study, and you may have the opportunity to develop your contacts in the working scene through your kindred cohorts.


Third, when you get to the heart of the matter where you believe you have to advance your examinations to enhance your vocation openings, you’d be happy to realize that numerous diplomas offer propelled standing status with numerous abroad colleges that prompt a four year certification. Here’s your opportunity to win an outside degree at a much lower cost.


Ultimately, if your fantasy is to have a four year certification however you didn’t have adequate credits after SPM, the diploma pathway permits you an option – you can avoid the pre-U course and still fit the bill for admission to a four year college education after your diploma.

Curriculum Overview in King Henry VIII Schools


The idea that taking in a moment dialect enhances your in the first place, or that playing the violin extends your thinking aptitudes, or that a session of tennis may even lift your scientific capacity are not normally instinctive. However it is these thoughts that are at the very heart of our educational modules. As children, our learning ability is to a great degree increased. It is amid adolescence that we can get a moment dialect, figure out how to play an instrument, or build up our athletic capacity without breaking a sweat that is hard to coordinate sometime down the road. Our educational programs points high and depends on extraordinary educators to spur and motivate students to savor in their learning.

 Focused on each unique child

Educating and learning is gone for capitalizing on childrens’ common interest to learn and curiosity. In Early Years learning happens essentially through guided play. As work progressively turns out to be more organized in Primary School lessons are arranged with a view to making them fascinating and locks in. As they move into Secondary School children get educating by subject masters and work towards their IGSCE and A-Levels examinations.


Instructors design lessons with separated results taking into account a scope of accomplishments. This empowers educators to coordinate every lesson as nearly as conceivable to singular needs while giving degree to students to be extended academically.


A worldwide vision is inserted all through the whole educational programs and all subjects broaden national fringes and wind up noticeably worldwide. Our set up system of schools in Europe and Asia enables more seasoned understudies to create culturally diverse encounters through trades.


Understudies who finish their training at British international school in Malaysia, King Henry VIII school will achieve an abnormal state of competency over all subjects. Learning is to a great extent question-construct with an accentuation in light of critical thinking meaning to develop a student’s capacity to reason and think freely.

Notwithstanding a thorough and testing academic program, British international school in Malaysia, King Henry VIII school additionally runs vivacious games, music, expressions and show programs in which understudies are given numerous chances to build up their abilities and interests outside of the classroom.

Finding the Best Air Purifier

Like it or not, living in a huge city implies that you and your family are being presented to airborne contaminants consistently. Furthermore, indoor air can be considerably more lethal at times attributable to focus after some time. Here are a portion of the choices you need to enable you to settle on an educated decision.

There’s no level headed discussion that the air in some of our urban communities is poisonous. Indeed, 13 of the 20 most contaminated urban communities on the planet are in Asia. A portion of the littler urban communities don’t get much consideration however in all actuality, they are up there with the most exceedingly bad on the rundown. All things considered, a man takes 1,000 breaths 60 minutes. A dominant part of that time is spent inside. On the off chance that you can inhale cleaner air for even 12 hours, you slice your exposure to harmful air by half. You decrease your hazard by half.

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An air purifier is only an arrangement of channels for air. We utilize channels for a considerable measure of things. You filter out emails. The water you’re drinking has been separated through a few layers as well. The confirmation lies in the channel. As any current client will let you know, the channels in an air purifier get stifled effectively. They can be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner to some degree (however not washed) — all that grime you see on the channel following a month—would have been in the air and in your lungs. Additionally, the PM 2.5 and PM 10 are by all account not the only things in the air. There are a huge amount of allergens, clean, dust, tidy vermin, pet hair and scents. Contingent upon the air purifier you get, these can be wiped out or decreased all things considered. This is particularly gainful for individuals with (or at danger of) asthma and those with sensitivities.


As a thumb run, air purifiers work best with shut entryways and windows—so they’re not having to always channel grimy air. The filtration limit should be coordinated to the room estimate, regularly measured in square feet (increase the length and broadness in feet). In the wake of testing out a bundle of purifiers, we found that one of the more pleasant elements to have is a worked in humidifier. A committed water tank will include moistness as and when required. Different elements you can consider are a clock, rest mode (calm operation), youngster bolt and air quality screen (which flashes from red to green to show current nature of air). In case will purchase just a single unit, begin by putting it in your room and purchase progressively on the off chance that you feel the distinction. Contingent upon the span of room, an air purifier will take between 15 to 30 minutes to dispel any confusion air and will proceed with distribution while on. It ought to be left on insofar as you’re available – they commonly expend between 20 to 50 watts, so it’s not a noteworthy draw on your energy charge.


SHARP: Sharp air purifiers utilize a blend of dynamic and latent frameworks. They have an arrangement of channels (HEPA + carbon) notwithstanding their affirmed Plasmacluster particle generator. The FP-F40E is for rooms up to 320 sq ft.

How to Elevate Your Ice Cream

Ice cream is one of the easiest desserts to appreciate at home. Scooping straight from the half quart is one approach to appreciate the chilled delight- yet when the event calls for it, there are some basic traps to expand your ice cream enjoyment.

  1. Store it rightImage result for ice cream pinterest

The adversary of ice cream is changes in temperature. At the point when the temperature changes suddenly, ice crystals form speedier, destroying the texture of the ice cream. You need to store your solidified companion in the coldest piece of your cooler, as far from the entryway as could be expected under the circumstances. In a front-entryway cooler, this implies some place comfortable back, and in a trunk cooler, this implies at the base.

  1. Raise the serving temperature

Much the same as chocolate, ice cream tastes better at a somewhat higher temperature than its prescribed stockpiling temperature. At the point when it’s excessively chilly, the flavors are quieted and the surface feels less rich. Tip: defrost your ice cream tub in the ice chest for around 30 minutes before serving (the correct planning will rely on upon your refrigerator and the span of your tub, so play around until you locate the ideal length for you). This will bring about gentler, more scoopable ice cream and more extreme flavors than if you delve in straight from the cooler. The ice cream ought to be a comparable surface to whipped butter cream, not fluid or softening.

  1. Fancy plating

Genuinely fastidious ice cream enthusiasts will serve their scoops in pre-chilled dishes, to back off liquefying. In the event that you need to awe companions at a supper party, attempt a quenelle – a method utilized as a part of eateries to serve nourishment like sorbets and ice cream (or pounded potato, meat or fish) in a quite oval, egg-like shape.

How Islamic Bonds (Sukuk) Is Different From Conventional Bonds

Present day sukuk rose to fill a crevice in the worldwide capital market. Islamic speculators need to adjust their value portfolios with bond-like items. Since sukuk are asset-based securities — not obligation instruments — they fit the bill. As it were, sukuk speak to possession in a substantial asset, usufruct of an asset, benefit, venture, business, or joint wander.

Each sukuk has a face value (in light of the estimation of the hidden asset), and the speculator may pay that sum or (as with a regular bond) get it at a premium or markdown.


With sukuk, the future income from the hidden asset is moved into present income. Sukuk might be issued for existing assets or for assets that will exist later on. Financial specialists who purchase sukuk are compensated with an offer of the benefits gotten from the asset. They don’t gain interest payments in light of the fact that doing as such would disregard sharia.


Likewise with ordinary bonds, sukuk are issued with particular development dates. At the point when the development date arrives, the sukuk guarantor gets them back (through a mediator called a Special Purpose Vehicle).

In any case, with Sukuk, the underlying venture isn’t guaranteed; the sukuk holder might possibly get back the whole vital (face esteem) sum. That is on the grounds that, not at all like customary investors, sukuk holders share the danger of the basic asset. In the event that the venture or business on which sukuk are issued doesn’t execute and expected, the sukuk speculator must bear an offer of the misfortune.

Most sharia researchers trust that having sukuk directors, accomplices, or specialists guarantee to repurchase sukuk for the face esteem is unlawful. Rather, sukuk are for the most part repurchased in light of the net estimation of the basic assets (each offer accepting its bit of that esteem) or at a cost settled upon at the season of the sukuk purchase.

By and by, some sukuk are issued with repurchase guarantees similarly as traditional bonds seem to be. Despite the fact that not all sharia researchers concur that this course of action follows Islamic law, an item called sukuk ijara may accompany a repurchase guarantee.


The key normal for sukuk — the way that they concede halfway proprietorship in the hidden asset — is considered sharia-agreeable. This decision implies that Islamic speculators have the privilege to get an offer of benefits from the sukuk’s hidden asset.


When you have the fundamentals about how regular bonds and sukuk function, it’s an ideal opportunity to put them alongside each other. This table offers a brisk take a gander at the key courses in which these venture items analyze.

Types of Humidity Sensors

The presence of water in air is called humidity. The amount of water vapour in air can significantly affect comfort of as well as many manufacturing process in various industries. The presence of water vapour influences physical, chemical and biological processes in the world. Humidity measurement is very critical in industries because it can affect the cost of business product as well as the safety and health of the personnel. With that being said, humidity sensing is very important especially in the control systems for human comfort and industrial processes.

Monitoring and controlling humidity is very vital in many domestic and industrial applications. In semiconductor industry, moisture and humidity levels have to be carefully monitored during water processing. In medical applications, humidity control is necessary for respiratory equipments, incubators, sterilizers and pharmaceutical processing. Humidity control is also required in chemical gas purification, film desiccation and textile production. Plantation protection in agriculture also depends a lot on humidity control. Humidity control in domestic applications is needed for living environment in microwave ovens and cooking control. Mostly, humidity sensors are used to provide an indication of the environment’s moisture levels.

Classification & Principles of Humidity Sensing

Humidity sensors are divided into 2 types according to the measurement units, namely relative sensors (RH) as well as absolute humidity sensors. Majority of humidity sensors are relative humidity sensors and they use very distinct sensing principles.

Sensing Principles

Humidity measurement can be done using wet or dry bulb hygrometers, electronic hygrometers or dew point hygrometers. Electronic hygrometers are the most popular variety of all and it is the most demanded one in the markets today. Electronic hygrometers are also known as humidity sensors. Electronic hygrometers can be further divided into 2 categories: one uses resistive effects and the other uses capacitive sensing principle.

Resistive Effect Humidity Sensors

Resistive type humidity sensors tend to respond to the change in humidity by picking up changes in the resistance value of the sensor element. The electrode is formed in the shape of the comb by printing and calcinating previous metals like gold into a very thick film conductor.  After that, a polymeric film is applied on the electrode. This film acts as a humidity sensing film thanks to the presence of movable ions. The change in the number of movable ions brings about change in impedance.

Capacitive Effect Humidity Sensors

Humidity sensors will rely on this principle typically consists on a hygroscopic dielectric material which forms a small capacitor between 2 electrodes. Plastic or polymers are usually used as the dielectric material in most capacitive effect humidity sensors these days. A typical dielectric constant ranges from 2 to 15. When moisture is absent, the dielectric constant and the geometry of the sensor will determine the capacitance value accurately. At normal room temperature, the dielectric constant is 80, which is a lot bigger than the constant of the sensor material. Therefore, the sensor absorbs this water vapour and this result in an increase in the capacitance of the sensor.




Types of Temperature Sensors

Temperature sensors play an important role in many applications. For instance, maintaining a certain temperature is vital for any equipment that is used to fabricate medical drugs and heat liquids. The responsiveness and accuracy of the detention circuit can be critical for quality control for applications like these. However, little do people know that temperature detection is actually part of preventative reliability. Say while an applicant might not be able to perform any activities in high temperature, the system itself might have a risk of overheating. This risk arises from specific external factors like very harsh operating environment and internal factors like electronics self-heating. The system can take preventative action by sensoring when overheating occurs. A robust temperature sensor circuit is not as pricey as you think. Here we will look at the different types of temperature sensor technologies in the current market and see what each has to offer.

There are four commonly used temperature sensor types:

  1. Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) thermistor

Thermistors are thermally sensitive resistors which can exhibit huge, precise and predictable change in resistance that is correlated to temperature variations. NTC thermistors provide extremely high resistance at low temperatures. The resistance drops rapidly as temperature increases. Small changes in temperature are reflected very fast and with high precision (.05 to 1.5 degree Celsius) and this is because NTC thermistors experience a very large change in resistance per degree Celsius. Besides that, most NTC thermistors’ outputs require linearization because of its exponential nature.

  1. Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD)

RTDs are commonly known as resistance thermometers. It measures temperature by correlating the resistance of the RTD element with temperature. What consists of an RTD is a film for greater accuracy and a ceramic core which is wrapped around with wire. RTDs made of platinum are more accurate and precise, however they cost more. Cheaper RTDs are made of nickel and copper but these two metals are not as stable as platinum. RTDs made of platinum offer a linear output that is very accurate which is .1 to 1.0 degree Celsius. RTD offer the greatest precision compared to any other temperature sensor, but it can also be the most expensive one.

  1. Thermocouple

Thermocouple is a temperature sensor that is made up of 2 wires of 2 distinct metals connected at 2 points to form 2 junctions. The potential difference between both the points will bring about proportional changes in temperature. Thermocouples require conversion when used to control temperature as well as compensation because it is non-linear. Thermocouple is not very precise or accurate, which is .5 to 5.0 degrees Celsius. But the upside about it is that thermocouples operate across the broadest temperature, which is from -200 to 1700 degrees Celsius.